Continue with me on the 1920 Census in this series that takes a closer look at the 1850 to 1950 U.S. Federal Census Records.
The 1920 U.S. Census:
This was the eighth U.S. Census that listed EVERY household member by name and had detailed categories, and unlike being consistently enumerated during the summer for all the previous censuses, it was the second census to change seasons and enumeration dates (since 1830; the first being the 1910 census) and the first to be enumerated starting on January 1st. This census introduced the new detail of the year of naturalization if the person was naturalized!
Some of the new categories or changed/combined categories for this census, compared to the 1910 Census, were “Place of Abode”, “Tenure”, “Relation”, and “Nativity and Mother Tongue”.
- Relation: This new category took the previous detail of “Relationship to Head of Household”, and now put it under a category.
- Nativity and MOTHER TONGUE: The second part of this category is new and was added onto the previous “Nativity” category.
Category Name Changes:
- Tenure: This new category took the details of whether they owned or rented their home, and if they owned it, whether it was free of payments or mortgaged from the previous “Home Ownership” category.
- Place of Abode: The previous “Location” category changed to “Place of Abode”.
- Year of Naturalization, if naturalized
- Mother Tongue
- Farm: This was now included under “Place of Abode” (previously “Location”), along with the house number.
Details that Moved to another Category:
- Farm Schedule #: This detail moved from the previous “Home Ownership” category to the “Occupation” category.
- Native Langue: This was removed from the “Citizen” category and added to the new, combined category of “Nativity and Native Tongue”, along with now including parents’ language spoken.
- Number of Years of Present Marriage: Introduced in the 1910 Census and was reviewed in “The 1910 U.S. Census Record in Genealogy: A Closer Look”
- Number of Children Born to this Mother: On the 1900 and 1910 censuses, and covered in “A Closer Look at the 1900 U.S. Census in Genealogy Research” and “The 1910 U.S. Census Record in Genealogy: A Closer Look”
- Number of these Children Living, of this mother: On the 1900 and 1910 censuses, and covered in “A Closer Look at the 1900 U.S. Census in Genealogy Research” and “The 1910 U.S. Census Record in Genealogy: A Closer Look”
- Weeks out of Work
- Bind, Deaf and Mute, once again
- Union/Confederate Veteran: Introduced in the 1910 Census, and spoken about last in “The 1910 U.S. Census Record in Genealogy: A Closer Look”
Use the data on this census to help you find naturalization records for your ancestors! 😉
Enumerators were not required to get the spelling of names; wrote down the information given to them without any proof; and made their own determination of race based on their own judgement. 😉
As previously mentioned, depending on where and by whom the census was taken, I usually don’t find the census filled out consistently, and some of the categories are underreported, but if they are, then you have a lot of details to help you in your research! EVERY detail/clue helps in genealogy! 😉
Find my other posts on the U.S. Census records below, and under the Genealogy Records category!
The 1910 U.S. Census Record in Genealogy: A Closer Look
A Closer Look at the 1900 U.S. Census in Genealogy Research
The 1890 U.S. Census: A Tragic and Sad Loss!
The 1880 U.S. Census: A Closer Look at the Even Better Census!
The 1870 U.S. Census: A Closer Look
The 1860 U.S. Census: A Closer Look
The 1850 U.S. Census: One of the Golden Genealogy Records
Check out more information about the U.S. Census on the United States Census Bureau website and the National Archives and Records Administration website!
Let me know what you think of this fantastic genealogy research tool below in the comments!
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